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Table 1 Key findings in the clinical area of Diabetes Mellitus Type I and II

From: Positive influence of short message service and voice call interventions on adherence and health outcomes in case of chronic disease care: a systematic review

Lead Author/Year Country Study design Sample size Duration Age group (in Years) Intervention Delivery frequency Measures of outcome Results – control (C) versus intervention (I)
Ananth Samoth Shetty/2011 [34] India RCT 215 12 months 30–65 SMS Once in 3 days Adherence to management prescription Hb1Ac level
I: 30.8 to 55.1 %
C: 31.8 % to 48.5 %.
V. L. Franklin/ 2006 [13] Scotland RCT 90 12 months 8–18 SMS, emergency hotline Daily SMS Self-efficacy, adherence to treatment I and C using conventional therapy:10.3 ± 1.7 vs. 10.1 ± 1.7 %
I with intensive insulin therapy and Sweet Talk: 9.2 ± 2.2 %, 95 % CI −1.9, −0.5, P < 0.001
Self-reported adherence: conventional therapy 70.4 ± 20.0, conventional therapy plus Sweet Talk 77.2 ± 16.1, 95 % CI +0.4, +17.4, P = 0.042
M. Vervloet/2012 [38] Netherland RCT 104 6 months 18–65 SMS reminder SMS only incase patient didn’t open the medication dispenser Adherence to oral hypoglycaemic agent Doses within predefined time windows, within a 1-h window
I: 50 %
C:39 %
within a 4-h window
I: 81 %
C: 70 %
Mandana Goodarzi/2012 [16] Iran RCT 81 3 months 30+ SMS 4 SMS weekly Improving laboratory test levels and Knowledge, Attitude, Practice (KAP) and Self Efficacy (SE) of patients HbA1C level
C: 7.83 to 7.48 %
I: 7.91 to 7.02 %.
LDL level
C: 99.13 mg/dl to 98.95 mg/dl
I: 97.88gm/dl to 87.93gm/dl.
Triglyceride
C: 173.4 mg/dl to 169.08 mg/dl
I: 179.72 gm/dl to 160.16gm/dl.
Knowledge improved 7.97 to 10.83 %, practice 3.72 to 4.93 %, and SE 15.34 to 17.02 % in I I group.