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Table 2 PHM, self-efficacy and faecal aversion variables; PAPM decision stages

From: A randomised controlled trial of personalised decision support delivered via the internet for bowel cancer screening with a faecal occult blood test: the effects of tailoring of messages according to social cognitive variables on participation

PAPM decision stages for FOBT screening:
Never heard of; Not considered; Decided against; Undecided; Decided to screen
Factor Statements
PHM a  
Salience and Coherence Having colorectal cancer screening is an important thing for me to dob
Colorectal cancer screening makes sense to me
Having colorectal cancer screening can help to protect my health
I will be just as healthy if I avoid having colorectal cancer screeningc
Social Influence Members of my immediate family think I should have colorectal cancer screeningb
I want to do what members of my immediate family think I should do about colorectal cancer screening
My doctor or health professional thinks I should have colorectal cancer screening
I want to do what my doctor or health professional thinks I should do about colorectal cancer screening
Cancer Worries I am afraid of having an abnormal colorectal cancer screening test result
I am worried that colorectal cancer screening will show that I have colorectal cancer
Perceived Susceptibility Compared with other persons my age, I am at lower risk for colorectal cancerc
The chance that I might develop colorectal cancer is high
The chances that I will develop colorectal polyps are highb
Response Efficacy When colorectal polyps are found and removed, colorectal cancer can be preventedb
When colorectal cancer is found early, it can be cured
Self-efficacy I think that doing the test would be easy for meb
Finding time to do the test would be difficult for mec
Completing the test correctly would be easy for me
Faecal Aversion Collecting faeces for the purpose of bowel cancer screening is distastefulb,c
Collecting faeces for the purpose of bowel cancer screening is unhygienicc
Giving a sample of faeces to another person is embarrassingc
  1. aPreventive Health Model (PHM) items reproduced from Tiro et al. [35].
  2. bStatements used for tailored assessment.
  3. cItems were reverse coded.