Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Characteristics of influenza sentinel surveillance data collected using smartphones and pen-and-paper, 4 sites, Kenya, 2011-2012

From: A comparison of smartphones to paper-based questionnaires for routine influenza sentinel surveillance, Kenya, 2011–2012

Characteristic Total (%~) Smartphone data (%^) Pen-and-paper data (%^)
Gender    
 Male 975 (55) 501 (51) 474 (49)
 Female 783 (45) 379 (48) 404 (52)
Total # 1758 880 878
Age of ILI and SARI Cases    
 Age 0-2mo 69 (4) 36 (52) 33 (48)
 Age 2mo-5 yrs 1564 (89) 775 (44) 789 (56)
 Age ≥5 yrs 127 (7) 69 (54) 58 (46)
Total 1760 880 880
Age of ILI Cases    
 Age 0-2mo 10 (2) 4 (40) 6 (60)
 Age 2mo-5 yrs 371 (90) 63 (17) 308 (83)
 Age ≥5 yrs 32 (8) 5 (16) 27 (84)
Total meeting ILI case definition $ 413 72 (17) 341 (83)
Age of SARI cases    
 Age 0-2mo 59 (4) 32 (54) 27 (46)
 Age 2mo-5 yrs 1192 (89) 712 (60) 480 (40)
 Age ≥5 yrs 93 (7) 64 (69) 29 (31)
Total meeting SARI case definition $ 1344 808 (60) 536 (40)
ILI cases by site $*    
 KNH 103 (25) 43 (42) 60 (58)
 Coast PGH 76 (18) 7 (9) 69 (91)
 Nakuru PGH 147 (36) 17 (36) 130 (88)
 Nyeri PFH 87 (21) 5 (6) 82 (94)
Total meeting ILI case definition $ 413 72 341
SARI cases by site *    
 KNH 337 (25) 177 (53) 160 (47)
 Coast PGH 364 (27) 213 (59) 151 (41)
 Nakuru PGH 292 (22) 203 (70) 89 (30)
 Nyeri PFH 351 (26) 215 (61) 136 (39)
Total meeting SARI case definition $ 1344 808 536
  1. *Significant differences (Fisher’s exact test).
  2. #Two cases missing gender.
  3. $Three cases missing case classification.
  4. ~Column %.
  5. ^Row %.