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Table 1 Annotated phenotype concept types.

From: Using text mining techniques to extract phenotypic information from the PhenoCHF corpus

Entity Type



Any medical problem that contributes to the occurrence of CHF

Risk factors

A condition that increases the chance of a patient having the CHF disease

Sign & symptom

Any observable manifestation of a disease which is experienced by a patient and reported to the physician

Non-traditional risk factor

Conditions associated with abnormalities in kidney functions that put the patient at higher risk of developing "signs & symptoms" and causes of CHF