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Table 5 Intervention and comparison group characteristics

From: A systematic review of interactive multimedia interventions to promote children’s communication with health professionals: implications for communicating with overweight children

Criterion Category No. of studies And references
MI type Nintendo® game console 1 [70]
  CD-ROM 9 [6, 8, 9, 6669, 72, 74]
  Web-based 4 [7, 65, 71, 73]
MI group information formats1 Multimedia only 13 [6, 8, 9, 6574]
  Multimedia + written information 1 [7]
Comparison group None§* 7 [65, 67, 7074]
information formats1 Written information, e.g. leaflets* 5 [68, 66, 69]
  Conventional aids, i.e. dental models, radiographs* 1 [9]
  Not reported 1 [68]
Intervention setting Outpatient clinic 6 [6, 7, 9, 66, 67, 74]
  During hospitalisation 1 [65]
  At home 6 [8, 6973]
  At school (school nurse office) 1 [68]
Time MI used < 60 minutes 2 [9, 74]
  1–2 hours 4 [7, 8, 65, 71]
  ≥ 2 hours 4 [66, 70, 72, 73]
  Unclear 2 [67, 69]
  Not reported 2 [6, 68]
Intervention length < 6 months 7 [6, 9, 65, 69, 71, 72, 74]
  ≥ 6 months 7 [7, 8, 6668, 70, 73]
Follow-up None 10 [79, 6567, 6971, 74]
(post-intervention) < 6 months 1 [72]
  ≥ 6 months 3 [6, 68, 73]
  1. *Redsell, et al.[6], Eckler [9] and Runge, et al.[73] included more than one comparison group–the wait-list groups (receiving no treatment) were disregarded for the purpose of this review. Comparison group children in the study by Homer, et al.[66] were given an asthma book and played a non-health-related computer game.
  2. §Brown, et al.[70] provided a non-health-related Nintendo® game to children in the comparison group.
  3. 1in addition to verbal treatment.