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Table 4 Benefit versus harm ratio based on type 1 response*

From: How do physicians decide to treat: an empirical evaluation of the threshold model

Variable n Mean Min Median Max
PE B aut /H aut 40 4.33 .6 3.00 25.00
Base case B 1 /H 1 40 6.28 0.75 3.18 49.50
Low risk B 1 /H 1 39 12.46 0.66 5.26 100.00
High risk B 1 /H 1 41 1.76 0.05 0.98 18.80
AML B aut /H aut 41 2.29 0.43 2.00 10.00
Base case B 1 /H 1 41 1.55 0.00 1.00 7.07
Low risk B 1 /H 1 39 4.39 0.00 1.94 22.50
High risk B 1 /H 1 40 0.70 0.00 0.50 3.00
  1. Abbreviations: B aut /H aut assessment of benefit/harms ratio based on automatic, quick response, B 1 /H 1 -type 1 response driven by regret, PE pulmonary embolism, AML acute myeloid leukemia, low “risk” low threshold, high “risk” high threshold clinical decisions. [*Note that type 2 responses that relied on single values, fixed B2/H2 ratios precluding direct statistical comparisons with Baut/Haut. However, the values of B2/H2 differed considerably from Baut/Haut (from 1 to 10 in PE case, and 2 to 0.33 in AML case) consistent with a notion that the Baut/Haut estimates did not solely drive the decision-making (see Discussion)].