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Table 3 Linguistic terms and the references

From: Analyzing the impact of social factors on homelessness: a Fuzzy Cognitive Map approach

Edge of the FCM Type of Influence Reference Keywords Linguistic terms
CJS(2) → Homelessness(1) Positive [11] Significantly Associated High
   [12] Appear to increase Medium
   [13] Much more likely High
CJS(2) → Poverty(3) Positive [14] significantly increase Very high
   [15] Most important High
   [16] Significantly positive Very High
CJS(2) → Unemployment(4) Positive [17] Significantly lower Very high
   [18] Can diminish but not necessarily Low
   [19] Relatively low Medium
CJS(2) → Family Breakdown(9) Positive [18] Significant correlates High
   [20] Tremendous strains Very high
   [21] Important causal factor High
Poverty(3) → Homelessness(1) Positive [5] Significantly and independently High
   [22] Run a great risk High
   [23] May experience Low
Poverty(3) → Addiction(7) Positive [24] Good chance Low
   [25] Might be more limited Low
   [26] Likely to Low
Unemployment(4) → Homelessness(1) Positive [11] More likely Medium
   [27] Primary risk factor Low
   [28] Did not predict Very low
Unemployment(4) → Government Assistance(13) Positive [29] Play an important role High
   [30] Substantial High
   [31] Substantially High
Education(5) → Homelessness(1) Negative [5] Thereby increase Medium
   [32] Rectricts Low
   [22] Run a great risk High
Education(5) → Poverty(3) Negative [33] Strong positive correlation High
   [34] Vital Very high
   [35] Powerful instrument High
Education(5) → Unemployment(4) Negative [36] Significantly increases Very high
   [37] Much higher High
   [38] Strong determinant High
Education(5) → Income(6) Positive [39] Strongly correlated High
   [40] Strong positive High
   [41] Thwarted/an important means High
Income(6) → Homelessness(1) Negative [13] Significantly and strongly Very high
   [42] Strong High
   [41] Most effective Medium
Addiction(7) → Homelessness(1) Positive [5] Independently associated Medium
   [43] Key factor High
   [44] Statistically significant Very high
Addiction(7) → CJS(2) Positive [11] Major contributor High
   [45] More likely Medium
   [46] Extensive Very high
Addiction(7) → Mental Illness(10) Positive [47] Increased risk Medium
   [48] Strong evidence High
   [49] More likely Medium
Addiction(7) → Family Breakdown(9) Positive [50] Critical Very high
   [51] Significant connection High
   [51] Strong connection High
Social Systems Network(8) → Addiction(7) Negative [52] Less likely Medium
   [53] Benefit Medium
   [54] Lower levels Medium
Social Systems Network(8) → Family Breakdown(9) Negative [55] Small, short lived Very low
   [56] Effective Medium
   [57] Effective Medium
Family Breakdown(9) → Homelessness(1) Positive [58] More prominently Very high
   [59] Significant proportion High
   [60] Increased risk Medium
Family Breakdown(9) → Addiction(7) Positive [50] Profound effect Very high
   [50] Usually Medium
   [51] Strong connection High
Family Breakdown(9) → Childhood Homelessness(12) Positive [61] Highly predictive High
   [62] Important role High
   [63] Most common Medium
Mental Illness(10) → Homelessness(1) Positive [5] Significantly and independently High
   [44] Not significant Low
   [45] A risk factor Low
Mental Illness(10) → CJS(2) Positive [64] Significantly more Very high
   [65] May trigger Low
   [45] Independently associated Medium
Mental Illness(10) → Addiction(7) Positive [66] Significantly more likely Very high
   [67] Remain problematic Medium
   [49] Common and of concern Medium
Mental Illness(10) → Family Breakdown(9) Positive [68] Significant correlates High
   [69] Increases chances of Medium
   [70] Strongly associated High
Non-Government Assistance(11) → Homelessness(1) Negative [71] Crucial High
   [72] Address needs Low
   [73] Considerable Medium
Childhood Homelessness(12) → Education(5) Negative [74] At risk Medium
   [75] Restricts Medium
   [76] Strong evidence High
Government Assistance(13) → Homelessness(1) Negative [77] Widely used to support Medium
   [78] Associated Medium
   [79] Most effective Very high
Cost of Housing(14) → Homelessness(1) Positive [80] Positive/negative and significant High
   [44] Not important Very low
   [81] Implicated Medium
Poverty(3) → Family Breakdown(9) Positive [82] Not uncommon Medium
   [83] Associated with Medium
   [84] The bulk of responsibility High