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Table 1 Characteristics of the traditional medical model and patient-centered medicine

From: Patient-centered medicine and patient-oriented research: improving health outcomes for individual patients

Traditional medical model Patient-centered medicine
Provider-centered model Patient-centered model
Founded on the principles of beneficence and authoritarianism Founded on the principle of autonomy
Disease-oriented care Patient-oriented care
Focuses on outcomes of importance for physicians and regulators Focuses on outcomes of importance for patients
The patient’s perspective is usually ignored The patient’s preferences, objectives and values are taken into account during decision making and delivery of healthcare
Compliance with the physician’s decisions The patient and physician share decision making
Improve outcomes for the average patient Improve outcomes for the individual patient
Population-oriented research Patient-oriented research