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Table 3 Women’s understanding of risk, psychological well-being, preventive intentions and evaluation at baseline, 2-week and 6-month follow-up, by intervention group

From: The effectiveness of a graphical presentation in addition to a frequency format in the context of familial breast cancer risk communication: a multicenter controlled trial

  Frequency formata Frequency format + Graphical displaya Mean difference [95% CI]
  baseline mean (sd) 2-week mean (sd) 6-month mean (sd) baseline mean (sd) 2-week mean (sd) 6-month mean (sd) Adjusted for differences in baseline characteristics
  N = 62 N = 55 N = 47 N = 87 N =79 N =71 2-week 6-month
Understanding of risk         
Perceived likeliness (scale 1–7) 4.8 (1.1) 4.2 (1.5) 3.9 (1.4) 4.8 (1.3) 4.3 (1.3) 4.3 (1.5) .11 [−.42; .64] .46 [−.05; .97]
Risk as feeling (scale 1–7) 4.9 (1.6) 4.4 (1.7) 4.2 (1.7) 4.8 (1.6) 4.4 (1.7) 4.7 (1.6) .05 [−.48; .57] .50 [−.08; 1.08]
Psychological well-being         
CWS (scale 7–28) 12.3 (3.8) 11.9 (2.9 11.6 (3.4) 13.2 (3.6) 12.7 (3.2) 12.2 (3.3) .07 [−.66; 81] .32 [−.97; 1.02]
STAI (scale 6–24) 10.0 (2.9) 9.5 (3.5) 9.3 (3.3) 10.7 (3.4) 10.2 (3.4) 9.6 (3.4) .39 [−.59; 1.37] .08 [−1.02; .85]
Preventive intentions b         
Breast screening by physician (scale 1–7) 6.5 (0.9)   5.0 (2.4) 6.6 (0.8)   4.7 (2.7)   -.24 [−1.69; 1.20]
Yearly mammography (scale 1–7) 6.3 (1.2)   3.7 (2.8) 6.3 (1.2)   4.9 (2.6)   1.33 [−.18; 2.85]
Evaluation         
Perceived personal control (scale 9–27) 19.1 (4.2) 20.1 (4.2) 19.4 (4.0) 18.3 (4.4) 19.9 (4.0) 19.9 (4.2) -.07 [−1.35; 1.32] .65 [−.85; 2.15]
  1. aUnadjusted means and standard deviations (sd) are presented.
  2. bData only presented for women in the lowest risk category (10-20%) at 6-month follow-up: n = 19 (frequency format) and n = 29 (frequency format and graphical display).
  3. CI = confidence interval.