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Table 4 Differences in Decisional Conflict Scale domain scores between pre- and post-pharmacists’ provision of information

From: Development and validation of the Japanese version of the Decisional Conflict Scale to investigate the value of pharmacists’ information: a before and after study

  Mean (SD) score Difference Standardized Effect size** Paired t statistic p-value***
  Pre Post Mean SE response mean*    
Total score 40.2 (21.1) 31.7 (20.5) -8.5 1.35 0.6 0.4 -6.3 <.0001
Uncertainty 45.0 (23.6) 37.2 (24.5) -7.8 1.62 0.5 0.3 -4.8 <.0001
Informed 40.3 (23.8) 31.9 (24.0) -8.4 1.74 0.5 0.4 -4.8 <.0001
Values clarity 44.2 (25.2) 32.1 (24.2) -12.1 1.88 0.7 0.5 -6.4 <.0001
Support 37.2 (22.2) 29.4 (21.0) -7.8 1.60 0.5 0.3 -4.9 <.0001
Effective decision 35.7 (22.1) 28.7 (20.8) -7.0 1.46 0.5 0.3 -4.8 <.0001
  1. *(pre-post)/SD (pre-post), **(pre-post)/SD (pre), ***Paired t-test.
  2. SD; Standard deviation, SE; Standard error.