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Table 1 Components of Clinicians’ Mental Models Diagnosis of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI)

From: Development and validation of an algorithm to recalibrate mental models and reduce diagnostic errors associated with catheter-associated bacteriuria

Guideline concordant signs and symptoms of CAUTI Guideline discordant signs and symptoms of CAUTI
Fever Pyuria (white blood cells in urine)
Delirium Foul smelling urine
Rigors Change in urine color
Flank pain Sediment in urine
Acute hematuria (red blood cells in urine) Systemic leukocytosis (higher than normal white blood cell count)
Pelvic discomfort Prior “UTI” diagnosis
Urgency Resistant organism in urine
Frequency Vague malaise
Dysuria Weakness
Suprapubic pain Type of organism in urine