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Table 3 Weighted logistic regression of SMS on decreasing delayed doses

From: Effects of and satisfaction with short message service reminders for patient medication adherence: a randomized controlled study

Variable OR    95% CI P-value
After SMS intervention
   No (reference)      
   Yes 3.2 ** 2.7 3.7 < .001
Socioeconomic status
Gender      
   Male (reference)      
   Female 0.9   0.7 1.1 0.197
Age (years)      
   20 ~ 34 (reference)      
   35 ~ 49 0.6 ** 0.4 0.8 0.001
   50 ~ 64 0.9   0.6 1.2 0.419
    65 1.0   0.6 1.5 0.955
Education level      
   Elementary or less (reference)      
   Junior High School 1.1   0.7 1.7 0.641
   High School 2.1 ** 1.4 3.2 < .001
   College 1.3   0.8 1.9 0.288
   University 0.9   0.6 1.5 0.782
   Graduate school or above 0.6   0.4 1.1 0.076
Occupation      
   Unemployed (reference)      
   Military 1.4   0.4 5.3 0.582
   Civil servant 0.9   0.5 1.4 0.579
   Teacher 2.1 * 1.2 3.6 0.011
   Student 1.0   0.6 1.7 0.938
   Housekeeper 0.6 * 0.4 0.9 0.023
   Self-employed 0.9   0.6 1.4 0.611
   Medicine 1.8   1.0 3.5 0.064
   Retired 0.7   0.4 1.1 0.145
   Freelancer 0.7   0.4 1.2 0.234
   Services 1.2   0.8 1.8 0.418
   Worker 0.7   0.4 1.1 0.078
   A.F.F.H. 2.7   0.8 9.7 0.127
   Other 1.1   0.5 2.1 0.881
    30,000 NTD (reference)      
   30,001-60,000 NTD 0.8 * 0.6 1.0 0.043
   60,001-90,000 NTD 1.6 ** 1.2 2.1 0.001
   90,001-120,000 NTD 0.8   0.6 1.2 0.254
   120,001-150,000 NTD 0.7   0.5 1.0 0.062
    150,001 NTD 2.1 ** 1.5 3.0 < .001
Marital status      
   Single (reference)      
   Married 1.7 ** 1.2 2.4 0.005
   Divorced/Separated 0.7   0.5 1.1 0.143
   Widowed 0.7   0.4 1.2 0.231
Living status      
   Live with spouse only(reference)      
   Live with children only 2.7 ** 1.8 4.1 < .001
   Live with spouse and children 0.7 ** 0.5 0.9 0.006
   Live alone 0.7 * 0.4 1.0 0.049
   Other 1.3   0.9 1.9 0.149
Medical history      
   Heart disease 0.7 ** 0.5 0.9 0.001
   Hypertension 0.7 ** 0.6 0.9 0.001
   Dialysis 0.6   0.3 1.3 0.217
   Stroke 0.5 ** 0.4 0.7 < .001
   Peptic ulcer 1.8 ** 1.2 2.5 0.002
   Thyroid disease 0.6 ** 0.4 0.8 0.001
   Chronic kidney disease 0.7   0.4 1.3 0.285
   Hyperlipidemia 1.0   0.7 1.5 0.876
   Diabetes 1.0   0.8 1.3 0.930
   Gynecology disease 0.9   0.4 1.8 0.672
   Asthma/Emphysema 0.8   0.4 1.3 0.328
   Urinary disease 1.0   0.5 2.0 0.992
   Cancer 3.9 * 1.0 14.8 0.046
   Chronic liver disease 1.3   0.9 2.1 0.199
   Gout 1.3   0.8 2.1 0.357
   Pneumonia 2.5   0.9 7.0 0.090
   Mental or psychiatric disease 1.0   0.6 1.6 0.884
   Immunity disease 3.9 ** 1.67 9.0 0.002
   Others 0.7 ** 0.52 0.8 < .001
  1. N = 1198. Dependent variable: 1 indicates with complete improvement; 0 indicates without complete improvement. Medical history reference group is the participants without this disease; A.F.F.H: agricultural, forestry, fishery or husbandry. * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01.