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Table 5 Tabulated answers to vignettes

From: Healthcare provider attitudes towards the problem list in an electronic health record: a mixed-methods qualitative study

What problems should be included (broad)?    
Question 1: Family History Answers % Res. N
Donna goes to see her PCP and mentions that she is terrified of getting breast cancer because both her maternal grandmother and mother had breast cancer. Now her sister was recently diagnosed. Should Donna’s family history of breast cancer be mentioned on her problem list? Yes 76.2 77
No 23.8 24
Question 2: Social History Answers % Res. N
John comes in to a medical center's urgent care ward with a small facial laceration from playing hockey. John mentions he's a male model to the physician and explains that he wants treatment that will minimize scarring. Should the doctor add John's occupation as a model to the problem list? Yes 7.9 8
No 92.1 93
Question 3: Surgeries Answers % Res. N
Ritchie has an appendectomy performed at the local hospital. His PCP gets the medical record from the hospital. Should Ritchie's PCP add 'appendectomy' to Ritchie's problem list? Yes 73.5 72
No 26.5 26
Question 4: Hospitalizations Answers % Res. N
Paul is hospitalized due to a heart attack caused by his coronary artery disease. At Paul's PCPs office 'coronary artery disease' is already listed on his problem list. Now Paul's PCP receives Paul's medical information from the hospital. Should Paul's PCP add another item specifically mentioning Paul's recent hospitalization to the problem list? Yes 50.0 49
No 50.0 49
What problems should be included (detailed)?
Question 5: Latent non-transitive diseases Answers % Res. N
Tenesha recently moved to Boston and goes to see her new PCP for an annual physical. Tenesha says that she was diagnosed by a pulmonologist with exercise-induced asthma several years ago. Currently, she takes no medications to treat her asthma, is experiencing no symptoms, and the asthma does not affect her daily life. Should 'exercise-induced asthma' be added to her problem list? Yes 82.2 83
No 17.8 18
Question 6: Non-medical conditions Answers % Res. N
Maria is a 52 year old woman and is afraid of doctors. She summons up the courage to go see a doctor for the first time in years because of a persistent cough. Should the doctor add a note about Maria's fear of doctors to her problem list? Yes 35.6 36
No 64.4 65
Question 7: Undiagnosed long term symptoms Answers % Res. N
Jorge appears to have ongoing chest pain, but after a full work up the practitioner cannot diagnose the cause. Should the practitioner add an item about chest pain to the Jorge's problem list? Yes 96.0 97
No 4.0 4
Question 8: Multiple occurrences of transitive illness Answers % Res. N
Helen is having her third urinary tract infection (UTI) within one year. Should the practitioner add a statement about the Helen's predisposition for urinary tract infections to her problem list? Yes 92.9 91
No 7.1 7
Question 9: Sequelae Answers % Res. N
Sally develops coronary artery disease as a result of her Type II diabetes. Should the resultant coronary artery disease be listed on the problem list? Yes 100.0 97
No 0.0 0
Question 10: Use of acronyms/Level of detail of problems
Sally is diagnosed with Type II diabetes. What term should the practitioner use on Sally’s problem list?
Answers % Res. N
DM 1.0 1
DM II 16.5 16
Diabetes Type II 17.5 17
Diabetes 3.1 3
Diabetes Mellitus 1.0 1
Diabetes Mellitus Type II 58.8 57
Other 2.1 2
Question 11: Listing of sequelae
If a practitioner wants to list Sally's coronary artery disease, how should coronary artery disease be listed on her problem list?
Answers % Res. N
Diabetes Type II with coronary artery disease 0.0 0
As a separate problem from Diabetes Type II 100.0 97
When to add or delete problems?
Question 12: Timing (add) Answers % Res. N
Dr. Baker likes to include long term undiagnosed symptoms on his patients' problem lists. Catherine comes in for her first appointment with Dr. Baker complaining of lower back pain. If Catherine keeps coming to see Dr. Baker once a month complaining of lower back pain, at what appointment/month should Dr. Baker add an item about back pain to Catherine's problem list? 1st appointment/month 27.6 27
2nd 12.2 12
3rd 25.5 25
4th 3.1 3
5th 0.0 0
6th thru 11th 4.1 4
> 12th 0.0 0
It depends 26.5 26
Never 1.0 1
Question 13: Timing (delete) Answers % Res. N
The practitioner does mention Helen's predisposition for UTI's on her problem list. Three months later, Helen is in for her annual physical and mentions that she has not had any UTIs for the past three months. Helen continues not to experience anymore UTIs. At what point should the item about Helen's predisposition for UTIs be removed from the problem list? 1-3 months 6.1 6
4-6 months 4.1 4
6-9 months 5.1 5
10-11 months 4.1 4
1-2 years 38.8 38
3-4 years 6.1 6
>5 years 2.0 2
Never 8.2 8
It Depends 25.5 25
Sensitive Problems
Question 14: Whether to include sensitive problems? Answers % Res. N
Paul goes to see a psychiatrist and is diagnosed with depression. Should the psychiatrist add 'depression' to Paul's problem list? Yes 99.0 97
No 1.0 1
Question 15: To include sensitive problems when other practitioners have access to the same record Answers % Res. N
Janice goes to see a psychiatrist and is diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. She also goes to see a PCP, allergist, gynecologist, and neurologist at the same medical facility. While her psychiatrist's notes are restricted to the mental health department, all of Janice's other doctors are viewing a common problem list through an electronic health record (EHR) system. Under this scenario, should the psychiatrist add 'anorexia nervosa' to Janice's problem list? Yes 99.0 97
No 1.0 1
Question 16: To include sensitive problems when a patient disagrees with a diagnosis Answers % Res. N
Dr. Thomas works at a mental health facility that encourages psychiatrists to add mental health problems to the patients' problem lists. During one of Dr. Thomas's patient visits, the patient strongly disagrees with the diagnosis of depression. Should Dr. Thomas still list 'depression' on the patient's problem list? Yes 75.5 74
No 24.5 24
Question 17: To include sensitive problems when a patient has access to the problem list through an online patient portal Answers % Res. N
Dr. Brown works at a health center that offers their patients the ability to view their entire electronic health record online through a patient portal. Dr. Brown is with a patient whom he diagnoses with obesity. Dr. Brown knows this patient regularly checks the patient portal to review her medical record. Should Dr. Brown list 'obesity' on this patient's problem list? Yes 93.9 93
No 6.1 6
Who can change the problem list across the following roles:
Question 18: Specialist/PCP
Toby appears to have an asthma attack during a soccer game. His PCP refers him to a local pulmonologist. The pulmonologist diagnoses him with asthma and has access to the same electronic health record as the PCP. How should the pulmonologist address the problem list?
Answers % Res. N
The pulmonologist should add 'asthma' to Toby's problem list. 77.8 77
The pulmonologist should advise the PCP to add 'asthma' to the problem list in his follow up. 9.1 9
The pulmonologist should perform his regular feedback and assume the PCP will add 'asthma' to Toby's problem list if the PCP feels it is necessary. 12.1 12
Other 1.0 1
Question 19: Nurse practitioner
John recently moved to Boston and is going for his annual physical exam with a new health center. A nurse practitioner is giving John his physical exam and John tells the nurse practitioner that he was diagnosed with asthma by a pulmonologist. Should the nurse practitioner be able to add problems like John's asthma to the problem list or should only physicians be able to add problems?
Answers % Res. N
The nurse practitioner should be able to add problems to the problem list. 93.8 91
Only physicians should be able to add problems to the problem list. 6.2 6
Other 0.0 0
Question 20: Other RN
Carlos breaks his leg and goes to the hospital. The nurse is performing her medication rounds when Carlos mentions to her that he forgot to tell the triage nurse that he has hemophilia. What should the nurse do in regards to the problem list?
Answers % Res. N
The nurse should access Carlos's medical record and add 'hemophilia' to the problem list. 22.7 22
The nurse should tell the doctor that Carols has hemophilia and recommend that the doctor add 'hemophilia' to the problem list. 60.8 59
The nurse should tell the doctor that Carols has hemophilia and assume that Carlos's doctor will add 'hemophilia' to Carlos's problem list without specific recommendation. 14.4 14
Other 2.1 2