Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample (n = 300)

From: Health numeracy in Japan: measures of basic numeracy account for framing bias in a highly numerate population

  n = 300
Age (range, 20–69: % for each decade) 20
Gender (% women) 50
Education (% low attainment) 55
Household income (million yenb, %)  
 <3 20
 3 ≤ 5 21
 3 ≤ 8 32
  ≥8 18
Hospital use (last year, % occasional or often) 53
TAIMI scores  
 all (possible range 0–7, mean ± SD) 4.7 ± 1.7
 num (possible range 0–3, median ± IQR) 2.0 ± 2.0
  1. aEducation, low attainment (high school or lower); high attainment (higher than high school).
  2. b1 million yen was about 12,000 U.S. dollars at the time of the study.