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Table 3 Reduction in incidence rate of cardiovascular events per year by the health promotion program in a hypothetical population

From: Antihypertensive medication versus health promotion for improving metabolic syndrome in preventing cardiovascular events: a success rate-oriented simulation study

k = 20 α = 20 mm Hg α = 10 mm Hg α = 5 mm Hg
   β ideal 1.35 × 10-3 8.52 × 10-4 4.92 × 10-4
   β optimistic 7.42 × 10-4 4.69 × 10 -4 2.71 × 10 -4
   β realistic 3.71 × 10-4 2.34 × 10 -4 1.35 × 10 -4
k = 30 α = 20 mm Hg α = 10 mm Hg α = 5 mm Hg
   β ideal 8.40 × 10-4 5.05 × 10-4 2.90 × 10-4
   β optimistic 4.62 × 10-4 2.78 × 10 -4 1.59 × 10 -4
   β realistic 2.31 × 10-4 1.39 × 10 -4 7.97 × 10 -5
k = 40 α = 20 mm Hg α = 10 mm Hg α = 5 mm Hg
   β ideal 6.31 × 10-4 3.72 × 10-4 2.16 × 10-4
   β optimistic 3.47 × 10-4 2.05 × 10 -4 1.19 × 10 -4
   β realistic 1.74 × 10-4 1.02 × 10 -4 5.93 × 10 -5
  1. Abbreviations: k = constant determining the slope of the exponential curve between systolic blood pressure and cardiovascular incidence rate; l = constant related to absolute value of cardiovascular incidence rate of 100; m = constant determining the slope of the exponential curve to be e0/l of 140; α = SBP-lowering effect (mm Hg), including the other cardiovascular risks; β = success rate of health promotion program.