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Table 4 Associations between Participant Characteristics and Outcomes.

From: A targeted decision aid for the elderly to decide whether to undergo colorectal cancer screening: development and results of an uncontrolled trial

Participant Characteristics Percent Reaching Knowledge Threshold Percent Reaching Clear Value Threshold Percent Prepared to Make an Individualized Decision Percent Reporting a Preference to be Screened
Age     
< 83 (n = 22) 64% 73% 59% 73%
≥ 83 (n = 24) 42% 67% 25% 50%
Sex     
Women (n = 39) 49% 67% 38% 59%
Men (n = 7) 71% 86% 57% 71%
Race     
White (n = 34) 59% 74% 47% 56%
African-American (n = 11) 36% 55% 27% 73%
Other (n = 1) 0% 100% - 100%
Education     
High School graduate or less (n = 19) 47% 63% 32% 58%
Some College or more (n = 27) 56% 74% 48% 63%
Previous CRC screening     
Yes (n = 30) 57% 80% 50% 73%
No (n = 16) 44% 50% * 25% 38%*
Literacy     
Adequate (n = 28) 64% 79% 54% 54%
Marginal/Inadequate (n = 16) 31%* 56% 19%† 69%
Self-reported health status     
excellent/very good (n = 20) 70% 90% 65% 70%
good/fair/poor (n = 26) 38% * 54% † 23%† 54%
Co-morbidities     
0-2 (n = 5) 80% 60% 60% 40%
3-7 (n = 27) 59% 74% 48% 70%
8 or more (n = 14) 29% 64% 21% 50%
4 year mortality index     
< 4% (n = 5) 80% 100% 80% 100%
15% (n = 18) 61% 89% 56% 61%
42% (n = 17) 41% 59% 29% 65%
64% (n = 6) 33% 17%† 0% † 16% †
  1. The table looks at the associations between participant characteristics and outcomes after decision aid use
  2. *statistically significant at < 0.05 using Chi-square
  3. †statistically significant at < 0.05 using Fisher's exact