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Table 1 Principal etiology of liver disease for patients enrolled to included studies, according to study classification

From: A systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of physical examination for the detection of cirrhosis

FIRST AUTHOR ALCOHOL (%) CHRONIC VIRAL HEPATITIS (%) AUTOIMMUNE (%) CRYPTOGENIC (%)
Schenker 64 - - -
Nakamura 100 - - -
Rankin 100 - - -
Cozzolino - 20† - -
Hay CRM - 71‡ - -
Lashner - 58 - 42
Hay JE - - 53 47*
Tinè 9 15† - -
Marmo 25 23† - -
Zoli 21 53 12 11
Hamberg 100 1 - -
  1. *21% possibly non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) † Hepatitis B surface antigen positive ‡ Classified as non-A, non-B hepatitis